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Technology and Equipment

Approved Updates from March 3 Additional Resources Doc

#7 Leveraging the Power of Smartphone Applications to Enhance Community Supervision.

This issue paper, submitted by the technology committee of the American Probation and Parole Association on April 7, 2020, addresses the use of smartphone applications installed on a person under supervision’s personal device, or a device provided to the client, to be used in support of the community supervision process. The paper outlines the various capabilities and expanded use of the technology now available for supervision purposes to include but not limited to monitoring of location, contacts, programming, and case management.

#15 Tracking Participant Progress During COVID-19—What to Collect and Why

The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially impacted treatment courts and participants’ services. How do you know if the changes are impacting participants positively or negatively? How do you know what the impacts are now and long term? This webinar from the National Association of Drug Court Professionals reviews the data you can and should collect, tips for collecting it, and examples for how to use it to measure participant progress and your treatment court impacts.

Updates February 15, 2022

Community Corrections supervision has evolved over the past 40 years in many ways. Technology and equipment have also added supervision capabilities for officers which have enhanced their abilities while impacting time management and distance limitations for urban and rural departments. The priority of community supervision to protect the public while also assisting in the ongoing rehabilitation of the justice-involved individuals in challenging times requires the use of the latest technology and equipment available. Examples ranging from the use of smartphones, social media, virtual offices, and other technologies also require the use and application of the tools to be set out in policy and directives for the operational component of their use. Many supervision agencies have been exploring the revisions to policy and practices in adopting advanced use of technology for supervision, however, the COVID-19 pandemic forced many of the practices found on this site to be fast-tracked and adopted as the new way of doing business.

#46 Proposed Probation and Parole Framework

This report details the challenges facing community supervision systems around the country and outlines specific policy and administrative changes that states can make to achieve improved outcomes in community supervision. These recommendations are supported with examples of policy changes already adopted in jurisdictions across the U.S. and summaries of the research on their impact. The council encourages policymakers to view its recommendations and the accompanying state examples as a starting point for discussion rather than the bounds of what is possible.

#16 Remote Best Practices for Community Supervision

This report is intended to provide practical recommendations and guidance for transition to remote and distance supervision practices while observing community supervision best practices. It was created by research staff and is based on interviews with leaders throughout the industry and provides recommendations comprised from the American Probation and Parole Association, Justice Management Institute, National Association of Drug Court Professionals, the Vera Institute, Council of State Governments, National Center for State Courts, and United States Courts Services. Additionally, it provides guidance on how community supervision has and will continue the transition to remote supervision in response to COVID-19 with elements of successful supervision programs and remote culture of supervision programs.

#59 Georgia Department of Community Supervision, A Not so New Normal 2021

This document describes how the Georgia Department of Community Supervision responded to the COVID-19 pandemic and continued to pursue best practices in supervising individuals while navigating the challenges of the pandemic for both staff and the justice-involved individuals under their supervision. Policies and practices were adapted to provide new methods of supervision that continued to meet the mission of the department.

Corrections Tech 2020: Technological Trends in Custodial & Community Corrections

"This white paper is a survey of technological trends, current and potential, which are likely to impact the corrections environment in the next 3-5 years. The aim is to provide a ‘one stop’ high-level overview for the leadership of correctional agencies and their information technology (IT) organizations, to help understand how these capabilities are evolving, and anticipate where technology may be applied to address current and future business problems. We have attempted to include both existing technologies which could be adapted or extended to serve the correctional mission, and areas where new technologies may be needed to address gaps. Our definition of corrections includes any public or private entity engaged in both custodial and community supervision, at any level (federal, state, county, tribal and territorial), and touches on related developments across the criminal justice spectrum as a whole. Our primary focus is the United States, though we have also noted selected developments in other English-speaking countries."

Procuring and Implementing Offender Tracking Technology Challenges and Needs

Criminal justice agencies increasingly leverage offender tracking technology in the supervision of accused and convicted criminal offenders. According to a 2016 survey conducted by The Pew Charitable Trusts, agencies were supervising more than 88,0001 individuals with offender tracking technology, a 30-fold increase from the roughly 2,900 reported a decade earlier.

Although this represents a rapid growth curve, it may be expected that as initiatives across the country designed to reduce jail and prison populations gain traction, the use of this technology as a means to safely supervise individuals in the community will further expand. In light of the increasingly important role that offender tracking technology plays in community supervision, the Justice Technology Information Center (JTIC), a program of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), embarked on an effort to better understand the challenges faced by agencies and the assistance they require to make better decisions about identifying, evaluating, selecting, procuring and implementing this technology.

Russo, Joe, and George B. Drake. Justice Technology Information Center, April 2018