The research underpinning the dosage probation model suggests that the following practices are core to the dosage probation model:
- Research-based, structured assessments are conducted to reliably differentiate higher- from lower-risk clients.
- Probation officers and clients collaborate to develop case management plans; interventions are designed to address the most influential criminogenic needs; dosage targets are set.
- Clients are referred to programs and services that demonstrate the capacity to effectively address their criminogenic needs.
- The amount of dosage received is tabulated over time, and objective behavioral measures are used to gauge change.
- Probation officers are trained in core correctional practices and provided ongoing coaching; and caseloads and workloads are “right-sized” so that officers have sufficient time to meaningfully engage clients face to face.
- Quality assurance and continuous quality improvement strategies are implemented to ensure the integrity of evidence-based practices.
- For those who meet their dosage target and achieve objective behavioral indicators, probation is terminated, as opposed to terminating supervision at some point further down the road when supervision time “runs out.”
These practices require a high degree of skill among dosage officers and diligent continuous quality improvement efforts.